While stray animals are a widespread issue in the United States, the populations of stray and feral dogs in developing or third world counties is nearly unimaginable, The National Animal Interest Alliance (NAIA) reports. There are more than 200 million stray dogs worldwide, according to an estimate from the World Health Organization (WHO).
While eradicated in America's strays in 2006, canine strain rabies is still an issue in developing countries, the NAIA reports. The WHO estimate that every year, 55,000 people die from rabies, while another 15 million are treated after exposure.
Many organizations have cropped up at home and abroad to combat this issue, facilitating the adoption of stray international animals to families in the U.S. The NAIA reports that these efforts, though compassionate, may be short-sighted. The organization warns that the shipment of the dogs to the States is dangerous to the dogs, and also costly - the nearly $2,000 spent to rehabilitate one dog would be better spent sterilizing and vaccinating animals at the source of the problem.
Organizations like Save a Sato and Tall Tails Beagle Rescue import stray dogs from Puerto Rico, while others import from places such as Taiwan and Thailand. Many of these organizations also seek to save animals
in-country by vaccinating and sterilizing them.